Thursday, 28 April 2022

Goole old bottles

 I have just had a walk round the garden and not only is everything very dry but it is cold too. Definitely back to wearing a fleece weather. But the forecast promises sunshine this weekend so I live in hope.

On a historical front I seem to have been leaping from topic to topic. Last week I gave a talk to the Snaith and District Men's Association.  I have been giving talks to this group for many years and was so pleased to see them again after a long Covid gap. I had put together a new presentation based on the book Puppets in Yorkshire by Walter Wilkinson  and which took us on a journey from Thorne to Eastrington in 1930. The descriptions of this rural walk with his puppet theatre Walter wrote evoked a long gone age.

I am also busy updating a presentation  on the history of Saltmarshe hall. It includes a  longer section on the connections between Anne Lister aka Gentleman Jack and the Rawson family of Halifax. Philip Saltmarshe married Elizabeth Rawson and it was their son who built the present hall, with quite a lot of financial help from his Rawson family.

And finally I have been interested in a couple of queries about old bottles on the All about Goole facebook page. I have long been interested in collecting them and  finding out about the stories behind the names

The first query was about a bottle embossed with the name Isaac Fawcett, Goole. I have a Fawcett and Carabine bottle and have managed to find out a little about the firm. I cannot find much about Isaac but in 1891 Thomas Henry Carabine with his family was living in Avenue House, Fourth Avenue and was a rag merchant. He probably built  the house and warehouse and certainly later operated the mineral water business from no.1 Fourth Avenue. This is now the premises of Bridal Oasis.

Fawcett and Carabine went bankrupt in 1897 and everything was sold in January 1898.  The business seems very well equipped and one wonders whether  the Carabines bought the equipment back somehow

The sale  included : One Crossley's gas engine 2.h.p., with all fittings complete, and wood casing; soda machine, by Galloway, Bolton ; syphon filler, turnover machine., boiler and chimney, pump and fittings, Robert's patent filter, 2 wash tubs with syringes, pipes, and taps complete; gasometer, corking machine. 3 syrup pans (double cased), 2 good slate tanks and stand, main and other shafting, pulleys, carriages, and wall boxes, water tank to hold 1,704  gallons, bottle syphon and tray, slow combustion stove, syrup jars, syrup barrels, gantries, carboy and frame, 250 gross corks, about 296 Gross Pint, 4-Pint, Screw, Stone and other Bottles, about 1,500 Bottle Cases, 2 dozen syphon cases, 14 gross syphon, about 4 tons broken bottles, oak barrel,  guards, armlets, gauntlets, brass. taps, scales and weights, various. essences, weighing machine, 2 mahogany doors., winch, etc.

 Also six horses -  chestnut mare (Gipsy) 5 years; bay horse (Tinker), 6 years; bay horse Charlie), 7 years; bay horse (Tom); bay mare (Kitty); bay horse (Tender). 2 strong lorries., spring cart, dog cart. pair dray lamps, pair gig lamps, corn bin, water tub,  chopper, dray brake, ladder, bench and vice, stool, office chair, wood partition, nest of drawers, 1 set double harness, ditto silver mounted, 3 sets single harness, 2 collars, rope traces, forks, shovels, and stable utensils. 

Mrs Ann Carabine took over the licence after the bankruptcy and Carabines continued in business for many years thereafter.

But in 1916 an advert appeared for the business  -

Good Mineral Water Business to Let, excellent aerated water plant, artesian well, sanitary factory; good connection; owner called up; immediate possession. Apply Carabine and Co., Goole.

There were three sons, one of whom, John was killed in the war. Thomas Henry died in 1929.

Several other Goole bottles were then pictured on the facebook post. One was an unusual Richard Ward of Aire Street bottle 

Richard Ward who died in 1888 at the age of 45 was a wine and spirit merchant, licensed victualler and staunch Conservative. He laid the foundation stone for the new Conservative club in Carlisle street. At his death he was a member of the Goole Board of Guardians, the Goole School Board, and the Goole Burial Board. He was also a director of the Goole and Hull Steam Towing Company, Limited, and was interested in most of the local limited companies. He had only recently married and his widow Jane continued to live in their house in Burlington Crescent.

Another bottle was embossed with the name of John Law and the word Mackintoh [sic]. John/ Jack had the misfortune to be the subject of the first inquest to be held in the Macintosh in 1903 after he died there as a result of a fall.

And many people in the area have Short family bottles. Shorts' business was on the corner of First Avenue/ Pasture Road and was eventually taken over by Littlewoods. 

John Short began business in Doyle street as a fish dealer. His son Edwin moved to the newly built premises on Pasture Road around 1887 and combined mineral water manufacturing with selling fruit and game.

 An advert in the Goole Times of 1895 reads as follows:

 The drink of the season  - Edwin Short's non alcoholic dandelion and sarsparilla porter. 

 April 16 1895. I hereby certify that I have submitted to a searching  Chemical Analysis a sample of  the Dandelion and Sarsaparilla Porter’ manufactured by EDWIN SHORT Goole and find that it has been, prepared solely from Materials of the highest quality. It has an agreeable and palatable flavour, is entirely free from mawkishneas,  is bright and sparkling in appearance, and possesses, in pleasant form, important dietetic, tonic, and restorative properties. This is practically non-alcoholic in character, containing but an infinitesimal proportion of spirit and is absolutely free from anything of an undesirable or extraneous nature.

signed Granville H Sharpe,  Analyst, late Principal of Liverpool College of Chemistry.” Manufactured solely by EDWIN SHORT, Red Cross Crated Water Manufacturer.

  Edwin Short died in 1899 and his sons Walter and George then ran the business as Short bros.

And I think that there were several other mineral water manufacturers in Goole, as well of course as the North Street brewery.

Sunday, 3 April 2022

The Clarkes of Knedlington

 Now we are in April, the clocks have changed giving us an extra hour in the evenings and I have been transplanting rasp canes so that they are in rows rather than thickets. But on Thursday morning we woke up to snow - an early April fool joke? - and last night we had a hard frost.

I have been researching two local families about which I did not know as much as I should. The Clarke family who played a large part in Howdenshire's history in the nineteenth century.

They owned the Knedlington estate which included large parts of Asselby and Barmby. Thomas Clarke  was born at Spaldington and baptised at Bubwith in 1796. He was the only son of William Clark of Spaldington and his wife Ann [nee Elmer].

In the eighteenth century the Clarke family home seems to have been at Prickett hill, not far from Wressle. It was a large farm, part of the Wressle estate and John Clarke, probably Thomas' uncle lived there all his life, dying there aged 80 in  1822.

Thomas married in 1825, Sarah, eldest daughter of the Rev Eric Rudd of Thorne.  The couple had four sons but only one survived their parents.  Mr Clarke was prominent in local affairs and was involved with the restoration work of the church, the building of the Howden workhouse and the Shire Hall. He lived initially at Knedlington Old Hall but in 1841-2 he built a new hall which he called Knedlington Manor. It consisted of 33 rooms and was designed by Weightman and Hadfield of Sheffield in the Tudor style. There were formal grounds containing several American trees grown from seeds imported by William Cobbett, the famous 19th century pamphleteer and horticulturist.

After the death of Thomas Sinclair Clarke the estate passed to the Rudd family. The last of the Clarkes to live at Knedlington was Eric de Siobalde Sutherland Rudd-Clarke, who died  in 1925. The Manor was sold in 1930 to James 'Jimmy' Mortimer, an entrepreneur! Mr Rudd Clarke's widow married Rev Waring, the vicar of Howden.

Thomas Clarke's Knedlington manor

Knedlington Manor was demolished in the 1950s.

The other family I have been looking at is the Andertons who lived at Howdendyke and owned the chemical fertiliser works there. The first of the family to live there was George Anderton who bought the site in 1857 and built a fertiliser works there. Soon afterwards there was a tragedy  when the new chimney at the works fell and killed seven workmen.

After George's death his son George Herbert took over.  He had a younger brother, Frederick who died aged 19 a month after George celebrated his 21st birthday. GH was known as a benevolent employer. It was said that he never made any worker retire - as long as they could appear at the works they were paid even if they couldn't really work.

After his death in 1907 his widow Laura commissioned a new pulpit in Howden church in his memory. It was carved by Messrs Elwell of Beverley. It is of course still there and in use.

The plaque to G  H Anderton on the wall of Howden Minster erected by his workmen

He had two children, Maud and Eric. Maud married Richard Pilling of Welton hall and this couple took over the works after Eric was killed aged 22 in 1918.

The Plaque to Eric Asquith Anderton in Howden Minster

The family lived in Kilpin Lodge and 'ran' the village of Howdendyke until the late 1950s. There is still a fertiliser works there but many of the houses have been demolished.

It is an interesting commentary on how times have changed that local communities are rarely as influenced  today by resident families as Knedlington and Howdendyke once were.



Saturday, 12 March 2022

Howden education, Howdendyke and Hook Road

 Since my last post a lot has happened in the world. Covid seems to be something we are all learning to live with and instead we are all now watching the awful events in Ukraine. Not only is it a tragedy for all those being bombed and displaced but it is having a dramatic effect already here at home. I am gathering fallen branches ready for the woodburner as domestic heating oil prices have tripled and we don't have any gas out here in what The Times in an article called 'a remote community'.

More mundanely the garlic is doing well and we have put an upturned black dustbin over the rhubarb although not much is happening in there yet.

I have been preparing a presentation on education in Howden  beginning with the Grammar school in the church and coming up to the present schools. The Howden senior school badge incorporates the original grammar school badge which in turn was the coat of arms of Walter Skirlaw, as well as referencing the horse fair, the market cross and Howden's connections with the bishop of Durham. It was designed by teacher and organist Ted Stockdale.

Earlier this week a friend and I walked around Howdendyke in preparation for a talk about the village at our small Skelton history group. So much of the village was demolished in order to make way for the fertiliser works to expand and it is difficult to work out where many of the old pictures we have were taken.

Meanwhile the other group I attend in Goole has spent several weeks moving slowly along Hook Road looking at the houses in a sort of version of a 'house through time'. Using newspaper and census records as well as pictures [ thanks to Gilbert Tawn who has photographed them all] we have looked at the dates and names of the houses and tried where we can to trace where their names were from and who lived in them.

We have also talked of Christ Church and its ministers, possibly also  the  site of an early Goole Grammar school, of Richard Cooper's original Phoenix iron foundry, a Palace of Varieties and Herons' mill.

This week we looked at Nunraw, so called as in 1923 it became the home of the Milner family. The family of course still has the florists' shop  in Boothferry Road. An early Mrs Milner came from Nunraw in Scotland.

Let us hope that by the time  I write my next blog post  there will be peace in the Ukraine.

 A very rural view of Goole's Hook Road

Saturday, 19 February 2022

Snowdrops and Sandhall

I am sitting at the computer looking at the garden trees swaying gently in the wind. I think that Storm Eunice concentrated her fury in the south and let us off lightly. Although sometimes I wonder whether it is best not to follow these dramatic warnings and just wait for the weather to do its thing - as our forefathers did.

Our snowdrops have put on an excellent show this year and have spread even further than last year.  The hellebores are not quite in flower and neither are the daffodils. But I have been buying seeds and am looking forward to getting some tomatoes started on the windowsill.

It has been busy too on the history front. I have been looking at a family who emigrated from East Yorkshire to South Africa in the latter half of the nineteenth century. The branch I have been looking at were a couple who married in 1890 in Howden church. William Buttle Turner who was from Allerthorpe and Caroline 'Carrie' Hart went to live in an area near Camperdown where extended family already lived.

Caroline was the daughter of Anelay Hart who was the farm bailiff and later a tenant of  the home farm at Sandhall near Howden. The Scholfield family who owned the Sandhall estate  were prominent in the life of Howdenshire and were great benefactors to the area.  For example the aptly named Scholfield memorial hall in Skelton was built for the community as a school and church combined.

Two of the magnificent Capronnier windows in the west front of Howden Minster are dedicated to members of the family. The central window is  dedicated to William and Ann Scholfield

To the glory of God this window is dedicated. It also bears witness to the love and gratitude of the eight surviving children of William and Ann Scholfield of Sandhall whose married life lasted more than fifty seven years. William Scholfield born February 28 1774. Died August 8 1854 and his wife born June 27 1773. Died August 18 1856. They are buried in the Chapter House of this church.

 The right hand window is dedicated to their son Robert.  Underneath the script reads

 To the glory of God and in affectionate remembrance of Robert Scholfield esq of Sandhall in this parish. This window is erected by his sorrowing friends and neighbours. He died January 11th 1868 aged 64 years

 The Capronnier window dedicated to Robert Scholfield.

There is also another magnificent window in Doncaster Minster dedicated to Robert's brother Dr Edward Scholfield. 

In complete contrast to this the history group I attend in Goole has been looking at the development of Hook Road in the town, most of which was built in the late nineteenth century and occupied by seafarers and their families and the professional classes. It is our eventual intention to write the material up  and make it  freely available. We are particularly interested in trying to find out where some of the house names originated.

Saturday, 22 January 2022

Hook chapels

 We are in a run of sunny, frosty weather, perfect for dog walking but not so good for the oil tank which will soon need re-filling. But we are seeing signs of spring. The snowdrops - and we have a lot - are just beginning to show white and the daffodil spikes are getting taller.

 I have been busy loading pictures into my new website [ not yet online] and also looking at a family history which has been very interesting as the people all lived locally and it  is easier to envisage their lives when I know the area. There is a lot can be found online about families, particularly on the old newspaper sites but nothing can beat  being familiar with the towns and villages mentioned.

Last week  the small  local history group I attend in Goole met again after the Christmas break. We meet on a Thursday morning in the Oddfellows hall and talk about the history of Goole and the surrounding area. Some of us have been researching for many years and continue to do so, others just come to listen and join in the discussions and we have new members who have not long lived in the area. It is surprising what a wealth of knowledge there is around the table.

This week we were talking about Hook and its chapel[s]. One of our group had noticed this building which we thought was surely a former chapel. It looks like so many local chapels


 Howden St John St

So we are seeing what we can find out. We have consulted the Hook history book which told us that the 'new' chapel was built in 1874/5.

The Goole and Marshland Weekly Times, Friday, 22nd Jan 1875 reports its opening

The first Wesleyan chapel built at Hook was erected in 1816, the second in 1836, and now 1875 has seen the opening of a third place of worship, rendered necessary in the first place by the increasing congregation and in the next by the want of suitable accommodation for the Sunday school.
Mr James Armitage offered a piece of land at the corner of the roads which meet nearly in the centre of the village, and funds being forthcoming it was decided to build at once. Mr Bairstow, of Selby, was the architect, Mr Elliott and Mr Appleyard, of Goole, the contractors, while the foundation stone was laid at Whitsuntide by Mr W. Dyson, of York.  

I am sure we shall find out more  but would be interested in any further information or pictures. We believe that the old chapel building was used as a Sunday school but for how long? And anyone who wants to join us on Thursday mornings would be most welcome.

Thursday, 6 January 2022

Release of the 1921 census

 As I write this it is frosty outside and the car windscreen is frozen.This is in contrast to the very warm weather we had over Christmas - which made it easy to keep the windows open when visitors came as we are still in the grip of Covid. I am hoping that when I read back over these blog posts in future months we shall remember this time but be socialising normally without taking tests before we go out. 

I received some lovely Christmas presents and have plenty to read but the tree is now out and the decorations back in their boxes. 

So now it is 2022 and as a family historian I am looking forward to exploring the 1921 census which has been released today on Find my Past. Only problem is that you cannot get a transcript or original image without paying, even  if you have a subscription. But you can search for free and when I searched for my mother, Joan Nurse b 1918 in Eastrington I could see she was there and it told me that also on the page were Robert and Elsie, her parents. It correctly identified the Howden area where she was but said she was in Eastington in Gloucestershire. So a few teething problems!

 80 years ago, January 1st 1942 Joan Nurse married Douglas Watson at Eastrington church. Soon after he was sent to serve in North Africa where he remained for three years. After his return  my parents  remained in Eastrington for the rest of their lives and taught many generations of children at Howden and Eastrington schools.

After the popularity of the newspaper snippets in my last blog post here are a few more - this time from 1922

April 1922

For sale— Argyll (15 9) 2 seater  car, sporting type JJ body, 1914 model, sleeve vale engine, CAV. lighting, Autovac petrol feed. Very smooth and silent; £250— J. Mortimer, The Gables, Eastrington.

For sale —Ford Car, 5-seater, 1920, fully licensed and insured;  in splendid condition; £135. Any trial examination.—J Mortimer, The Gables, Eastrington.

 Station Road Eastrington from a colour postcard.
The Gables can just be seen in the background on the left.

James Edward Mortimer was an entrepreneur born in Cleckheaton who built The Gables, then bought and moved to Knedlington manor and then finally to Howden hall where he died in 1946.

July 1922 Hull Daily Mail

Hull market .There was a great glut of mushrooms  today  in the Shambles and shops, Mrs Lilley, of Eastrington, bringing in 1,000 lbs, which sold from 6d to ls per lb.

Aug 1922

HOWDEN. OBITUARY.—The remains of the late Arthur Britton, who for the past seven years had been proprietor of the Bowman's Hotel, were interred in the churchyard Saturday afternoon, the Rev A. Waring officiating. The chief mourners were:—Mrs Britton (widow), Mrs Angus, Mrs Oakes, Miss Gladys Britton, and Miss Kathleen Britton (daughters), Mr and Mrs Hargreaves (uncle and aunt), Mrs Wraight, Mr W. Ayland, Major, Mrs Cockroft and Mrs H. Cockroft. Floral tributes were sent by the widow and family, and Mrs Hargreaves, Mrs Wraight, and Mrs G. Moore, Mr and Mrs Blakey, Miss A. Newman, Miss N. Dealtry, Mr and Mrs J. Good, and Mrs B. Shaw, and the Howden Licensed Victuallers'Assoc. The deceased gentleman's dog followed the coffin to the Parish Church, and remained in tho building during the service, afterwards accompanying the funeral party  to the graveside, where it stood and gazed down at the coffin. 

Aug 1922

HOWDEN. OCTOGENARIAN'S DEATH:- The death of Mrs Jane Laughton has removed one of Howden's oldest residents. Deceased, who was the widow of the late Mr George Laughton, blacksmith, was 80 years of age, and was born in the same house in Flatgate in which she died. The funeral, which took place on Monday afternoon, was conducted by.the Rev Kellett (curate)

Nov 1922

 A remarkable story of life-saving by telephone. While travelling from Selby to Howden on the L. and N.W. express on Saturday, two business men, Messrs Croft and Usher, looking out ot the window near Wressle, saw field alongside the line a bull, apparently its knees, attacking with its horns a young hoy, who was lying on the ground. I did not know whether to pull the communication cord or not," said Usher to a newspaper representative afterwards, but both Mr Croft and he instantly got out notebooks and scribbled notes follows "Bull killing boy in behind Wressle Station.' and threw these notes out as we passed level crossings. Arriving at Howden, Croft raced to the signal-box. The signalman quickly notified Wressle Station by 'phone, and the staff raced to the rescue. The child's life was saved, though he was badly mauled  by the bull. He is the nine-year-old son of a  farmer named Wood.